Adaptive Sports USA

Where Excellence is Achieved

Athletics (Track/Field) 

2016 Notable Track & Field Rulebook Changes

A. MASTER M50 AND MASTER M60 IMPLEMENT WEIGHT CHANGES 
In general M50 implement weights have decreased one implement weight sizes and M60 implement weights have decreased two implement weight sizes. Check the 2016 Standards Table for specific class/age/implements. 

B. IPC RULE 35.5: SEATED THROWS STRAPPING AND WARM UP 
The maximum time allowed for athletes to secure themselves to their field chair and have as many warm-up throws as time permits is: 1. F32-34 and F54-57: Athletes will be allowed up to 4 minutes to transfer to their field chair, strap, and warm-up. 2. F31 and F51-F53: Athletes will be allowed up to 5 minutes to transfer to their field chair, strap, and warm-up. Note: Timing shall begin at the time the chair is oriented, secured to the throwing platform and made available to the athlete to secure themselves into position. 

EXCEPTION FOR ALL SEATED THROWS U11 AND U14 ATHLETES: 
The maximum time allowed for athletes to strap into their field chair and warm-up will be 5 minutes. The time starts when the athlete is seated in the throwing frame. A minimum of one (1) warm-up will be allowed regardless of the 5 minute time period. 

C. IPC RULE 36.1: LIFTING RULE AMENDMENT: 
Classes F31-34, F51-57: All athletes competing in a seated throw event must: Not lift from the time the athlete takes the implement into the starting position of the trial until the implement has LANDED. An athlete NO LONGER has to wait until the implement is marked to lift. 

D. IPC CHAPTER 4.2 PROTEST APPEALS: 
1/1/2016 – IPC Chapter 4.2.3 – “The Jury of Appeal may reconsider a decision if new conclusive evidence is presented, provided the new decision is still applicable. Normally such reconsideration may be undertaken only prior to the Victory Ceremony for the applicable event, unless the relevant governing body determines that circumstances justify otherwise.”

E. FIELD RECORDS: 
1. IPC Chapter 5.20 – IPC records must be measured either by three Field Judges using a calibrated and certified steel tape or bar OR by an approved scientific measuring apparatus, the accuracy of which has been confirmed. Impounding Implements – In IPC record throwing events, the implement used shall have been checked prior to the competition in accordance with Rule 2.11. If the Referee becomes aware during an event that a record has been equaled or bettered, the implement shall immediately mark the implement used and undertake a check to ascertain whether it still complies with the Rules or if there has been any change in characteristics. Normally, such implement shall be checked again after the event in accordance with Rule 2.11. 

2. WTFUSA/Adaptive Sports USA: WTFUSA National, Junior or Master records will be accepted for approval with two Field Judges signatures measuring with a calibrated steel tape measurement and the Field Referees signature OR by an approved scientific measuring apparatus, the accuracy of which has been confirmed. For WTFUSA/Adaptive Sports USA records, the implements shall be checked prior to the competition in accordance with IPC Rule 2.11. If a record has been equaled or exceeded during the competition, the implement(s) may stay in competition and be checked after the event in accordance with IPC Rule 2.11. 

F. IPC RULE 3.2.5 GENDER 
Mixed Competitions in Track Events are permitted for the 5000m or longer events but shall only be conducted where there are insufficient athletes of one or both sexes competing to justify the conduct of separate races. Women and men may run together as long as drafting out of class /sex rules are observed. 

G. IPC RULE 6.17 TETHER – ATHLETES CLASS T11 AND T12
When competing with a guide-runner, athletes in Sport Class T11 and T12 shall be attached to the accompanying guide-runner through a tether which shall be made from non-elastic material and not store energy and/or offer a performance gain to the athlete. The maximum length between the two farthest points of the tether at its full extension shall not exceed 100cm. The measurement shall be done at its full extension when it is not worn. 

H. IPC RULE 12 VIDEO RECORDING
At all IPC Paralympic, World and Regional Games, video recording of all events is required. WTFUSA strongly recommends that a video recording of all track and field events be taken by an assigned video official at our National level meets, and WTFUSA urges all Level III meets to also video record their competitions. The intent of this video recording is to give the track Referee valuable information if an infraction of the rules occurs. 

I. IPC RULE 16.1 STARTING BLOCKS
Athletes in classes T11-T13 and class T20 must use starting blocks in all events up to and including 400m. Athletes in classes T35-T38 and classes T42-T44 may use starting blocks in all events up to and including 400m. For athletes in the T35- 38 and T42-44 classes, the following note has been added to IPC Rule 16.1: It is not a requirement for athletes in Sport Classes 35-38 and 42-44 to use both foot plates when using a starting block. 

J. IPC RULE 18.7 LANE INFRINGEMENT – 800M WHEELCHAIR
A clarification to when a wheelchair athlete may cut in after the start in the 800m event was made by the IPC. The new rule states: For wheelchair races, the athlete may leave their respective lanes when the centre of the hub of the rear wheel (or the bottom of the wheel which is touching the ground) has gone past the edge of the break line nearer to the start. 

K. IPC RULE 7.6 ASSISTANCE AND IPC RULE 18.8 LANE INFRINGEMENT – SPORT CLASS T12
The T12 class has the option to use or not use a guide. Regardless of whether a guide is used, in track events run entirely or partly in lanes, each competitor shall be allocated 2 lanes. The start lines in a staggered start will be lanes 1, 3, 5 or 7. 

L. IPC RULE 23 RELAY RACES
1. Classes T11-T13 and class T20 remain the only classes that use a baton. The rule now reads that a legal baton pass is determined by the baton’s position and not the position of the athletes/guides. Passing of the baton outside the take-over zone shall result in disqualification. If an athlete did not receive the baton prior to leaving the tag zone, s/he may re-enter the zone to receive the baton. 

2. For wheelchair relays (T33-34, T51-52 and T53-54) and amputee relays (T42-47) the take-over shall be by a touch on any part of the body of the outgoing athlete. The first touch must be within the take-over zone. Pushing an outgoing athlete to gain advantage during take-over shall result in disqualification.

M. IPC RULE 24.4 PERFORMANCE MARKERS AND WIND SOCKS – FIELD EVENTS
The following statement is added to the rule: One or more wind sock(s) should be placed in an appropriate position in all jumping events, Discus Throw and Javelin Throw, to show the athletes the approximate direction and strength of the wind. 

N. IPC RULE 30.6 ASSISTANCE – OFFICIAL IMPLEMENTS
The following shall not be considered assistance and are therefore allowed: b) The placement by an athlete, in the Shot Put and Discus Throw, on the implement, chalk or a similar substance. All substances used on the hands and on the implements shall be easily removable from the implement using a wet cloth and shall not leave any residue.

Existing Rules that WTFUSA Wishes to Emphasize or Clarify

1. WTFUSA EXCEPTIONS TO IPC RULES 
a. Athletes in the T11-13 & T20 classes, age divisions Future, U11 and U14: The starting blocks rule is waived. The use of starting blocks and stance is within the discretion of the competitor.

b. Javelin for Futures, U11, and U14: A throw that lands flat or tail first will not be called for a foul, but marked at the rear of the grip (if flat) or at the point where the tail hits (if tail first). 

c. Seated Throws Field Competitions: Seated throws may be contested on a flat grassy area without a pad or cage and do not require a toe board. 

d. Drafting Rule for Track: There shall be no drafting out of class in combined out of lane track events when individual class/age group records and awards are eligible to be earned except as noted below for the 1500m. 

e. Drafting Rule for Road Racing: There shall be no drafting behind support vehicles and no coaching or cheering from cyclists or other individuals assisting with the race.

f. In-lane races for Futures, U11, U14, M35, M50 & M60: 
1. Ambulatory – Must finish with at least one (1) foot in lane. An athlete may not impede another athlete. 
2. Visually Impaired and T35a Athletes allowed 2 lanes – Must finish with both legs within the 2 assigned lanes. 
3. Wheelchair – Must finish with the front wheel completely in assigned lane. 

2. AGE FOR COMPETITION 
All age groups are determined as of 12/31 of the year of competition. 

3. TRACK – 1500M MULTI-CLASS EVENT FOR U16 AND OLDER 
U11 and U14 athletes shall run the 1500M in class with no combining of classes for medals and/or records. For age divisions U16, U18, U20, and U23, all athletes will follow the class combination defined at the open IPC event level for their classes. These class combinations will be: T12 and T13; T45 and T46; T51 and T52; and T53 and T54. There will be one national record for each combined class and age group T13, T46, T52, and T54. 

4. TRACK - DRAFTING 
Drafting out of class is not allowed for any athlete in a non-lane race (800m and above) in which athletes are competing in noncombined classes or with athletes not within their combined class. Races in which classes are combined for one (1) set of medals or results will be allowed to draft. 
Note: The clerk of the course is encouraged to mark the back of the racing chair or athlete to denote the athlete’s class/age group to other competitors and to officials. The starter is encouraged to instruct the athletes of this rule.
Clarification: It is WTFUSA’s position that for athletes who are in races with other classes, drafting out of class could result in records and/or order of finish results that could not be achieved if competing in their individual class event. Events should be scheduled to avoid these situations but WTFUSA understands that due to the number of classes and events to be run in a session this may not be possible without combining classes in a single heat. When heating and seeding, however, mixing genders in a heat should be avoided at all cost (except in the 5000m) and never permitted at an IPC sanctioned or Level III meet. 

5. PENTATHLON 
To qualify for pentathlon, an athlete must perform all 5 events for their pentathlon at 1 competition. The competition may, however, span multiple days. To qualify, the results of each of the 5 events must be converted to pentathlon points and those points must meet the standard for entry. Note: An athlete may qualify for pentathlon and not qualify for a specific pentathlon standalone event if the total pentathlon points for qualification are met. 

6. COMPETING AS AN OPEN/ADULT 
Any Athlete 14 years of age or older may compete as an OPEN (Adult). The athlete must declare this, prior to or at registration. An athlete may not, however, split events (track or field) in which they will compete as an OPEN. Either the athlete competes in their age group or as an OPEN. This applies for Athletics, both Track and Field. At Junior Nationals if an athlete declares they will compete as an open they will be placed and raced with the under 23 group. 

7. SEATED THROWS – ATHLETE EXCEPTION FORM 
Athlete who have an anatomical limitation that prohibits them from keeping their legs (from the Ischial Tuberosities to the back of the knee) in contact with their field chair should complete an exception request form with either the IPC or WTFUSA. Athletes that have an IPC Passport/License should complete the IPC exception request form on the IPC website. Athletes that do not have an IPC Passport/License should complete the WTFUSA exception request form on the Adaptive Sports USA website under Sports>Athletics. 

8. USAGE OF COMMON LANGUAGE
The IPC and WTFUSA wants all meets to use of Common Terms on all official forms and results. The following standard abbreviations should be used in the preparation of start lists and results where applicable to align with the IPC and IAAF:
Did not start – DNS 
Did not finish – DNF 
No valid trial recorded – NM 
Disqualified – DQ 
Valid trial in High Jump – “O” 
Failed trial in Field Events – “X” 
Passed trial in Field Events – “–” 
Retired from competition – r 
Qualified by place in track events – Q
Qualified by time in track events – q 
Qualified by standard in field events– Q 
Qualified without standard in field events – q 
Advanced to next round by Referee – qR 
Advanced to next round by Jury of Appeal – qJ 
Yellow Card – YC 
Second Yellow Card – YRC 
Red Card – R